Flagstone Patio – Design and Installation – Landscape Genius

Flagstone Patio – Design and Installation

Posted on August 13, 2018 By

Flagstone Patio Installation

If you have ever investigated high end landscape installations, you will find that the items are of a natural quality. Man made products are an antithesis in order to landscaping. The purpose of landscaping is usually to be in nature. This is why top quality landscapes typically use flagstone for your patio and walkways. High finish landscapes most often use select flagstone patio. Select pieces are much larger than typical. Then, moss or thyme will be planted in flagstone cracks. Moss and Thyme keep out weeds, hold the stones in place, and floral tiny beautiful flowers. Elfin Thyme is preferred because it grows really low and low to the ground.

To complete this project you will require, a strong back, shovel, pick, footwear, gloves, level, two by 4, large mason chisel, mini sledge hammer, helper, and a skill noticed with diamond blade. You might also need metal landscape edging, bender board, and stakes.

Stone Beauty

Select stones are very striking. There are shades associated with glittery gray, brilliant white, strong red, feathery blue, and tortoise green. They somehow shimmer back again at you in a friendly method. You can create quite a masterpiece by utilizing multiple stone colors, shapes, and hand picking unique stones. Irish Moss and Elfin Thyme ease the hard stone, cool it, and bring in natural beauty.


You can expect to pay around dollar 5. 00 per square feet installing yourself. Contractors charge dollar 10. 00 to $ 15. 00 per square foot (including material).

How To Install

Dig Out Dirt

First, if necessary, dig out the dust. Stake out the patio sides and decide how high the particular patio can be. In most cases, you will have to dig down six inches. The stone will be 2 inches, the particular gravel base will be 2 ins, and the sand will be 2 inches.

Install Edging (Optional)

Use metal landscape trimming or bender board to hold the particular edges in place. This step will be purely optional. The larger choose stones will stay in place well with no edging. Edging is more necessary if you are using smaller patio stones.


After you dig out the particular dirt make sure the base is compressed well. You can rent the plate computer from a construction leasing store or you can use a hand tamper. Once the base is compact, include two inches of gravel or even road base and compact once again.

Gravel And Road Base

For larger jobs street base is the best way to go. State specification road base is a combination or even gravel and dirt. It compacts really well to make roads and works well for your patio. In any kind of case, you can also use fine tiny rocks. The finer gravel will small tighter and be easier to work together with. You should use coarse tiny rocks because it will compact better. Coarse pea gravel is a good choice.


The stones aren’t uniform. You need sand to modify for stone height. Add 2-3 inches of sand on top of the particular compacted base. Make sure the particular sand is coarse. Like tiny rocks, coarse sand compacts better.

Install Flagstone

You will require at least two people to lift and place the stone. Use a small sledge hammer and blue builder chisel with a yellow hand safeguard to break the stone. This will provide you with natural breaks. You can also make use of a skill saw with a diamond knife, but the cuts will not look since natural. Wet saws will be as well small to do anything for you. If you ordered correctly, you will have mainly large stones with some smaller gemstones. This will reduce the cutting period.

To see if the rock is level, it is helpful to possess a straight two by four. Lay it on the stone and search for depressions. You can also put an amount on the two by four.

The stone should not be perfectly toned. A small slope is needed to help drinking water run off the patio. Every feet of patio should have a ” inch slope (at least).

Ordering Stone

One great deal of flagstone will cover approximately 80-125 square feet. There are many factors. Stone weight and thickness differ. Check with your stone yard for your exact kind of stone you wish to buy. Most flagstones will cover 125 sq . feet with one ton. One variable is the gap between gemstones. For best results, order choose stones. A lot of people throw in some smaller sized patio stone to fill in smaller sized gaps. It' s a little more affordable and you do not have to break up the bigger stone.

Ordering Gravel

One ton will cover approximately 80 square feet in a two in . depth.

Ordering Sand

One ton will cover approximately 124 square feet in a two in . depth.

Calculating Tonnage

Length * Width * Height / 27 = Yards Then, each product will weigh an alternative amount. You should use a various multiplier for each product. A guideline is to use 1 . 5. So take those yards and multiply by one 5 to get the tons that you need. There will be more tons than yards. Sand has a multiplier of 1. 2 and gravel has a multiplier of 1. four. Flagstone will be around 1 . five.

Final Tips

You can also choose a polmeric sand to place between the stone cracks. It appears like sand, but with three light drinking water applications it will dry as difficult as concrete. If you have a good unstable area, you can install the particular flagstone on dry cement. Then, water the cement down in order that it will harden and cure correctly.

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